Report of the Ministry of ecological environment 2

2022-09-21
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Firmly fight the battle for clean water, the progress and achievements of the report of the Ministry of ecological environment in 2019

release date: Source: the Department of water ecological environment of the Ministry of ecological environment

the CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the prevention and control of water pollution. To promote the work of water pollution prevention and control, businesses and users must make great progress before using it

in 2019, among the 1940 state-controlled surface water sections in China, the proportion of sections with excellent water quality (class I-III) was 74.9%, an increase of 3.9 percentage points year-on-year; The proportion of section inferior to class V was 3.4%, a year-on-year decrease of 3.3 percentage points, and the effect of the clear water defense was obvious

first, we will resolutely fight for clean water.

first, we will continue to carry out the investigation and remediation of ecological and environmental problems in drinking water sources. 3624 problems have been rectified in 3626 of 899 county-level water sources, and 10363 problems have been rectified in 2804 water sources in more than three years. The drinking water safety guarantee level of 770million residents has been effectively improved

issued and implemented the guiding opinions on promoting the ecological environment protection of centralized drinking water sources at and below the township level. There are 10630 drinking water sources above the scale of "ten thousand tons of people (ten thousand tons of water supply per day or ten thousand people served)" in rural areas across the country, and 68.5% of the protected areas have been designated. There are 10353 township level centralized drinking water sources in the Yangtze River economic belt, and 71.2% of them have been designated as reserves

the second is to implement the special action for the remediation of black and odorous water bodies in cities in 2019, focusing on cities at and above the prefecture level in the Yangtze River economic belt and the Yellow River Basin, and conduct in-depth spot inspection and supervision. There are 2899 black and odorous water bodies in the built-up areas of 295 prefecture level and above cities (excluding States and leagues), eliminating 86.7%. Which elements should be considered after all? At the time of selecting the tension machine fixture, there were 1063 black and odorous water bodies in 36 key cities (municipalities directly under the central government, provincial capitals, and cities specifically designated in the state plan), eliminating 96.2%; There are 1836 black and odorous water bodies in 259 other prefecture level cities, eliminating 81.2%

there are 1372 black and odorous water bodies in 110 prefecture level and above cities in the Yangtze River economic belt, eliminating 87.0%, including 95.6% in 12 key cities and 84.3% in other prefecture level cities. There are 253 black and odorous water bodies in 49 prefecture level and above cities in the Yellow River Basin, eliminating 88.5%

third, the investigation of sewage outlets into rivers and seas in the 24000 km coastline of the Yangtze River Basin, 3600 km coastline around the Bohai Sea and 2 km area along the coast has been fully completed. Among them, there are more than 60000 sewage outlets from the Yangtze River (including the nine major tributaries of the Yangtze River and Taihu Lake) and nearly 19000 sewage outlets from the Bohai Sea, which are about 30 times and 25 times higher than the number of sewage outlets previously mastered by the local authorities

the proportion of sections with excellent water quality in the Yangtze River Basin was 91.7%, up 4.2 percentage points year-on-year; The proportion of sections inferior to class V was 0.6%, a year-on-year decrease of 1.2 percentage points. The inferior V-Class state-controlled sections of rivers in the Yangtze River Basin and Bohai Sea decreased from 12 and 10 to 3 and 2 respectively

fourth, continue to carry out the special action of sewage treatment in industrial parks. 95% of the industrial parks at or above the provincial level in the Yangtze River economic belt have built sewage treatment facilities and installed monitoring devices, and 55600 kilometers of sewage collection pipes have been built. A total of 9294 centralized sewage treatment facilities have been built nationwide, with a sewage treatment capacity of 245 million tons per day

promote the special investigation and rectification of "three phosphorus" in the Yangtze River, 172 out of 281 enterprises (mines and reservoirs) with problems have completed the rectification, and the number of sections with excessive total phosphorus in the Yangtze River Basin has decreased by 40.7% year-on-year

second, promote the implementation of reform tasks and achieve results

thoroughly implement the plan for deepening the reform of Party and state institutions, and actively and steadily promote the implementation of reform tasks and achieve practical results

first, seven River Basin (sea area) ecological environment supervision and administration bureaus and their monitoring and scientific research centers were established to formulate and implement the working rules of the river basin and sea area ecological environment supervision and Administration Bureau of the Ministry of environment for ecological environment endangering human health, so as to standardize, coordinate and efficiently promote the work of river basin and sea area ecological environment supervision

the second is to print and distribute the notice on doing a good job in the work related to sewage outfalls and water function zoning, optimize and integrate the water function area and water environment control list, and increase the number of national surface water monitoring sections from 1940 to more than 3600 during the 14th Five Year Plan period, so as to open up the water and shore, and realize the "four full coverage" of the main streams and important tributaries of the ten major basins, cities at and above the prefecture level, provincial and municipal boundaries of important water bodies and important water function areas

third, strengthen the top-level design of setting and management of sewage outlets into rivers, and study and formulate guidance on strengthening the setting and management of sewage outlets into rivers and seas. Strengthen the operation control of sewage treatment facilities, and prepare a list of national urban sewage centralized treatment facilities. We will continue to promote the formulation and revision of industrial water pollutant discharge standards

in addition, strengthen the environmental protection work in the project area of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project to ensure the safety of water quality. We will further promote the construction of the central environmental protection investment project reserve. Supervise the Xinanjiang River, Luanhe River diversion into Tianjin and other basins to establish and improve the upstream and downstream horizontal ecological compensation mechanism

third, strengthen the comprehensive supervision, promote the implementation of the comprehensive supervision mechanism of river basin environmental management combining analysis and early warning, dispatching notification, supervision and supervision

first, monthly analysis and warning. Carry out monthly analysis of the national water ecological environment situation, accurately identify the changes in national water quality, timely identify outstanding problems and work lagging areas, and send an early warning to the provincial ecological environment department. Publicize the information of prefectures and cities with more inferior class V sections and no obvious improvement, and urge them to strengthen the rectification

second, quarterly scheduling consultation. Every quarter, a consultation meeting on the environmental situation in areas where the water environment is up to standard and lagging behind is held, the leaders in charge of the city government with prominent problems make statements, the cities with significantly improved water quality exchange experience, and the mainstream media participate in and conduct in-depth reports

third, strengthen supervision. For areas where the progress of water environment goals and tasks is lagging behind, we should go deep into the front line to carry out investigative supervision and assistance, find out the reasons, study countermeasures, promote the implementation of the torsion test of Jinan gold testing copper wire, and urge local governments to implement the main body

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